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In some circumstances, trade negotiations with a trading partner have been concluded, but have not yet been signed or ratified. This means that, although the negotiations are over, no part of the agreement is yet in force. On 26 June 2018, the European Council also adopted a decision on the signing and provisional implementation of a strategic partnership agreement between the EU and Japan. Both the EPA and the GSB will improve relations between the two parties in many ways. On the one hand, the EPA focuses on economic aspects such as the abolition and reduction of tariffs and the establishment of rules promoting free trade. On the other hand, the BSG will provide the legal framework for cooperation between Japan and the EU to find solutions to common challenges such as climate change, cybersecurity, energy security, disaster management and migration. It will also help boost economic growth, create jobs and strengthen business competitiveness in both Japan and the EU. Negotiations between the EU and Japan have also focused on a number of non-tariff measures that have raised concerns for EU companies, with some technical requirements and Japan`s certification procedures often making it more difficult to export safe European products to Japan. The agreement will lead to a long way to go to facilitate access for EU companies to the highly regulated Japanese market, particularly with regard to motor vehicles. The EPA ensures that Japan and the EU fully adapt to the same international standards for product safety and environmental protection, which means that European cars are subject to the same requirements in the EU and Japan and do not need to be re-tested and certified when exported to Japan.

Now that Japan has committed to international automotive standards, EU car exports to Japan will be greatly simplified. Fact sheets, Vietnamese trade in your city, texts of agreements, stories of exporters The creation of a reciprocal trade agreement confronts the EU with the problem of how to reconcile the special status of the ACP group with the EU`s wto commitments. The near-solution solution to this dilemma is an agreement that is reciprocal only in the way necessary to meet wto criteria. In reality, ACP countries will have some leeway and maintain limited protection of their key products. The extent to which trade should be liberalised under the new EPAs remains a highly controversial issue and it remains to be seen whether the WTO provisions governing regional trade agreements will be revised at the end of the Doha Round in favour of the EPA system. Because of the WTO`s persistent incompatibility with previous agreements, the main feature of EPAs is their reciprocity and non-discriminatory nature. These include the phasing out of all trade preferences introduced between the EU and ACP countries since 1975 and the phasing out of trade barriers between partners.

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